Humphrey, 2nd Duke of Gloucester

from the encyclopædia for the world of Lilies and Lions

Humphrey of Gloucester, 2nd Duke of Gloucester, 2nd Duke of Aumale, KG (26 June 1381 – 18 October 1452) was an English peer and commander, serving the House of Lancaster faithfully all of his life.

Humphrey was the only son of Thomas of Woodstock, the youngest son of Edward III, and as such a powerful member within the royal family and a close friend of Henry V. Due to this friendship, Humphrey was at times deeply involved in the Angevin monarchy, going so far as ruling as regent of England during Henry's time away due to the renewed crusades later in the king's life.

Humphrey of Gloucester
Duke of Gloucester
Tenure 25 February 1414 – 18 October 1452
Predecessor Thomas, 1st Duke of Gloucester
Successor Henry, 3rd Duke of Gloucester
Born 26 June 1381
Buckinghamshire, Kingdom of England
Died 18 October 1452
London, Kingdom of England
Spouse Margaret de Graye
View others
Henry, 3rd Duke of Gloucester
Margaret of Gloucester
William, Lord of Alcantarilla
Humphrey, 1st Earl of Surrey
Noble family House of Gloucester
Father Thomas of Woodstock
Mother Eleanor of Bohun
Religion Roman Catholicism

Early life

Humphrey was the only son born to Thomas of Woodstock, and as such grew up in close proximity to the royal family.

After the murder of his father, he became the ward of the crown, along with Henry of Monmouth, eldest son and heir of Henry Bolingbroke. Richard II took both boys with him to Ireland in 1398, where they were left in custody at Kells, when Richard returned to face Bolingbroke. Once Richard II has been deposed, Henry Bolingbroke ordered their release and summoned them home. He welcomed Humphrey back and granted him his inheritance, namely the Duchies of Gloucester and Aumale.

During the early rebellions against Henry IV, Humphrey remained a stalwart supporter of the Lancastrian crown, answering the call-to-arms issued against the Percy family on many occassions and defending the Welsh Marches from repeated inccursions. During the Powys Rebellion, Humphrey joined his friend Henry and Richard Grey in the latter's campaign in the Welsh Marches.

Titles, style and arms


  • Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester – regranted his inheritance that had been seized by Richard II


Personal life


Marriage and issue

In 1419,

  1. Edward, 3rd Duke of Gloucester
Humphrey of Gloucester
House of Gloucester
Cadet branch of the House of Anjou
Born: 3 October 1390 Died:
Peerage of England
Title last held by
Thomas of Woodstock
Duke of Gloucester and Aumale
Succeeded by
Edward of Bristol