Lucrezia Borgia
Lilies & Lions, An Alternative History

Lucrezia Borgia
La Reine de l’Italien by Jean-Michel Brian (c.1543)
Reign 3 August 1496 – 30 May 1518
Coronation 3 August 1496
Predecessor Isabella of Bruges
Successor Blanche of Provence
 
Born 18 April 1483
Subiaco, Papal States
Died 24 June 1554 (aged 71)
Parma, Grand-Duchy of Parma
Burial Saint Denis Basilica, Kingdom of France
Spouse Arthur I
Issue Geoffrey I
Lucrece, Queen of Aragon
Arthur, King of France
Noble family House of Borgia
Father Pope Alexander VI
Mother Vannozza dei Cattanei
Religion Not religious

Lucrezia Borgia (French pronunciation: Lucrece [looˈkrees], Italian pronunciation: [luˈkrɛttsja ˈbɔrdʒa], Valencian: Lucrècia [luˈkrɛsiə]; 18 April 1483 – 24 June 1554) was the queen consort of France and England from 1496 until the death of her husband in 1518.

Lucrezia Borgia
La Reine de l’Italien by Jean-Michel Brian (c.1543)
Reign 3 August 1496 – 30 May 1518
Coronation 3 August 1496
Successor
Born 18 April 1483
Subiaco, Papal States
Died 1554 (aged )
Parma, Grand-Duchy of Parma
Burial
Spouse Arthur I of France and England
Issue Geoffrey I
Lucrece, Queen of Aragon
Arthur, King of France
Noble family House of Borgia
Father Pope Alexander VI
Mother Vannozza dei Cattanei
Religion Not religious

Early life


Lucrezia Borgia was born in Subiaco, near Rome. Her mother was Vannozza dei Cattanei, one of the mistresses of Lucrezia's father, Rodrigo Borgia (Pope Alexander VI).

The Angevin marriage

Lucrezia first met Arthur of Lancaster in May 1492 during his visit for his coronation by Pope Alexander VI. Unbeknownst to her, her father had been making arrangements for her marriage to the Angevin king, providing for a powerful alliance between the Papacy and the Crown of France. It was during this vist that Arthur also met Lucrezia's brother and cardinal at the time, Cesare.

Reportedly, Arthur found Lucrezia well and the two were inseperable for a time. Relations between her brother and the young king also seemed amiable. With an agreement to a rather large dowry, and a promise for more Angevine soldiers in the Balkans, Arthur was married to Lucrezia on xxx, 1492. From Rome, the two travelled first south to Naples where they were hosted by Charles IV and then returned to France, landing in Marseille late in the year.

Return to Italy


In 1439, having spent many years as a hostage in Marseille, Lucrezia was freed from imprisonment after a payment from an old friend of her brother, Giovanni Farnese. The now Grand-Duke of Parma welcomed her back to Italy as a queen. Records say that he had her escorted into Parma with celebrators lining the streets, all of the legacy of her brother's ill-fated rule as emperor gone.[2]

Legacy


Portrayal in media

The story of Lucrezia and her life has been told in countless forms of media, ranging from books to television to cinema.

Lucrezia Borgia
Born: 18 April 1483 Died: 24 June 1554
Angevin royalty
New creation Queen-consort of France and England
1496–1518
Succeeded by
Cesare II