European Community
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Emblem
 
 
Motto: « All of Us »
Hymn: « We All, Brothers and Sisters »
Institutions
President Nolan Grünewald
Deputy-President Timothée van Rossum
Location Bât. Européenne, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
Chief Samuel Meinhardt
(Levantine Kingdom of Jerusalem)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 Juy 2067
Deputy Chief Lorenz Krauss
(Kingdom of Brandenburg)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 July 2067
Location Bât. Gustave Wegener, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
President of the Parliament Antonette Heidrich
(North Italian Republic)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 July 2067
Location Bât. Européenne, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
Organisation
Capital Luxembourg
Largest communes London, Paris, Saint-Pétersbourg
 
Member states 35
Aegypt, Algarve, Alpen, Aragon, Austria, Bosnia, Brandenburg, Cadiz, Castille, Coast of Ciuela, Denmark-Norway, Eastern Roman Republic, Federation of the Rhine, Granada, Hellenistic Empire, Jérusalem, Latium, Luxembourg, Moldavia, Murcia, Navarre, North Bavaria, North Italian Republic, Portugal, Ruthenia, Saint-Pétersbourg, Saxony, Serbia, Séville, South African Federation, Syracuse, Teutonia, Tuscany, Trébizonde, Venice
Candidate states 6
Bulgaria, Hungary, Russia, Transylvania, Wallachia
Observer states 1
Crown of France
Official languages 20
Anglaçais, Arabian, Castillan, Catalan, Circassian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Français, Georgian, German, Greek, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portugais, Roman Greek, Romanian, Russian, Vespasai-français
Geography and Demography
Surface area 12 821 027 km2 [a]
Population 1 096 500 000 hab. (2060) [b] [c]
Density 83.06 hab./km2
History
Berlin Accord 14 June 1947
Treaty of Constantinople 1 February 1961
Angevin Friendship Observer Agreement 25 June 1964
GR5 Accord 19 December 2026
Economy
Currency European note
Classement TPI 1er global
TPI 243 151,911 Mne€
TPI/hab. 43 871 ne€/hab.
Various
Day of Peace in Europe 28 May
Ethonym European
Network extension //.ce (exts. 1-99)
Interconnexion address sec./ensemble-europe//.ce
 
a. ^ The total size of the EC includes only member states.
b. ^ The total population is based on the 2060 comprehensive census and review.
c. ^ Includes the Crown of France.

The European Community (EC) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi), and an estimated population of over 510 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services, and capital within the internal market,[11] enact legislation in justice and home affairs, and maintain common policies on trade,[12] agriculture,[13] fisheries, and regional development.[14] Within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished.[15] A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002, and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.

The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. Next the treaty of Rome of 1957 created the European Community made up of the six core countries of Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and West Germany. The decades following many new members joined them while at the same time integration of economic, cultural, judicial and so forth would then deepen the relationships distinct European entity. The community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. While no member state has left the EU or its antecedent organisations, the United Kingdom enacted the result of a membership referendum in June 2016 and is currently negotiating its withdrawal. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union in 1993 and introduced European citizenship.[16] The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009.

The EU as a whole is the largest economy in the world.[17] The European Union accumulated a high portion of GDP as a form of foreign aid than any other economic union.[18] Covering 7.3% of the world population,[19] the EU in 2016 generated a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of 16.477 trillion US dollars, constituting approximately 22.2% of global nominal GDP and 16.9% when measured in terms of purchasing power parity.[20] Additionally, 27 out of 28 EU countries have a very high Human Development Index, according to the United Nations Development Programme. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.[21] Through the Common Foreign and Security Policy, the EU has developed a role in external relations and defence. The union maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the world and represents itself at the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the G7, and the G20. Because of its global influence, the European Union has been described as an emerging superpower.[22]

European Community
View other languages
Flag
Emblem
 
 
Motto: « All of Us »
Hymn: « We All, Brothers and Sisters »
Institutions
President Nolan Grünewald
Deputy-President Timothée van Rossum
Location Bât. Européenne, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
Chief Samuel Meinhardt
(Levantine Kingdom of Jerusalem)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 Juy 2067
Deputy Chief Lorenz Krauss
(Kingdom of Brandenburg)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 July 2067
Location Bât. Gustave Wegener, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
President of the Parliament Antonette Heidrich
(North Italian Republic)
from 1 August 2065 to 31 July 2067
Location Bât. Européenne, City of Luxembourg, Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg
Organisation
Capital Luxembourg
Largest communes London, Paris, Saint-Pétersbourg
 
Member states 36
Aegypt, Algarve, Alpen, Aragon, Austria, Bosnia, Brandenburg, Cadiz, Castille, Coast of Ciuela, Denmark-Norway, Eastern Roman Republic, Federation of the Rhine, Granada, Hellenistic Empire, Jérusalem, Latium, Luxembourg, Moldavia, Murcia, Navarre, North Bavaria, North Italian Republic, Portugal, Russia, Ruthenia, Saint-Pétersbourg, Saxony, Serbia, Séville, South African Federation, Syracuse, Teutonia, Tuscany, Trébizonde, Venice
Candidate states 5
Bulgaria, Hungary, Transylvania, Wallachia
Observer states 1
Crown of France
Official languages 20
Anglaçais, Arabian, Castillan, Catalan, Circassian, Croatian, Danish, Estonian, Français, Georgian, German, Greek, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portugais, Roman Greek, Romanian, Russian, Vespasai-français
Geography and Demography
Surface area 12 821 027 km2 [a]
Population 1 096 500 000 hab. (2060) [b] [c]
Density 83.06 hab./km2
History
Berlin Accord 14 June 1947
Treaty of Constantinople 1 February 1961
Angevin Friendship Observer Agreement 25 June 1964
GR5 Accord 19 December 2026
Economy
Currency European note
Classement TPI 1er global
TPI 243 151,911 Mne€
TPI/hab. 43 871 ne€/hab.
Various
Day of Peace in Europe 28 May
Ethonym European
Network extension //.ce (exts. 1-99)
Interconnexion address sec./ensemble-europe//.ce
 
a. ^ The total size of the EC includes only member states.
b. ^ The total population is based on the 2060 comprehensive census and review.
c. ^ Includes the Crown of France.

Functions and overview of the European Community


The EC operates through a hybrid system of supranational and intergovernmental decision-making.

EU policy is in general promulgated by EU directives which are then implemented in the domestic legislation of its member states. The seven principal directive-decision-making bodies—known as the Institutions of the European Union are

  • the Office of the President, which provides overall direction and authorizes all directives, be they political, economic or military
  • the Presidential Council of Europe is an executive meeting of ministers of member states governments' departments which develop the directives of the Office of the President into proposed legislation
  • the Assembly of European Leaders, which provides overall direction by quarterly meetings of Heads of member states, represented by an appointed chief
  • the European Parliament consists of directly elected representatives with veto over EU directives
  • the Supreme European Judicial Service adjudicates on any controversial implementation of directives within each individual states’ domestic laws and regulations
  • the Central Bank of the European Community is responsible for monetary stability within member states
  • the European Peacekeeping Force regulates all political and major social events within member states, such as elections, high-profile inter-member state meetings, etc

History of the EC