Edward I and IV the Mighty
Reign 3 May 1449 – 21 August 1483
Coronation 12 May 1449
Predecessor Henry III and VI
Successor Arthur I
Reign 23 November 1443 – 21 August 1483
Coronation 1 June 1445
Predecessor Title abeyant
Successor Edmund of Cyprus
Personal details
Born 8 February 1426
Marseilles, Kingdom of France
Died 21 August 1483 (aged 57)
Palace of Westminster, London, Kingdom of England
Burial Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, Kingdom of France
Spouse Isabella of Bruges (m. 1442)
Issue
Edward, Dauphin of France
Catherine of Scotland
Edmund, Prince of Antioch
Joan of Luxembourg
Alice, Queen of Burgundy Henry, Duke of Valois
Noble family House of Lancaster
Father Henry IV
Mother Mary of Bohun
Religion Roman Catholicism

Edward I

Edward I and IV (8 February 1426 – 21 August 1483) was King of France as Edward I and King of England as Edward IV from 3 May 1449 until his death; he is remembered for restoring royal authority over the Angevin Crown of France following the short, but heated, 1st Angevin Succession War. His rule is also significant for expanding Angevin influence across the Mediterranean through his rule of the Crusader Principality of Antioch, as Edward I.

Edward's upbringing was a martial one. By the age of 15, he had command of his own retinue, comprised mostly of levymen from his lands in Aqutaine and Guyenne. In 1442, he left with his older brother Edmund for Murcia, and from there he went on alone to Italy. In late 1442, Edward landed on Cyprus in the company of John II to participate in the Levantine campaign of the Ottoman Crusade. Within a year of landing in the Roman-contested north, Edward reclaimed the extant Principality of Antioch, swearing fealty to the Church.[a]

Although he ruled over lands in both the Levant and in France, Edward did return to his fiefs in Aquitaine in 1444 to make his oaths to the newly crowned Henry III and VI. Having doted on his father, it was also at this time that Edward began his plans to seize the crown himself.[b, c] Edmund's death gave him cause to begin his war. His successes and mercy shown to Henry's family earned him the name Edward the Mighty.

The immediate rule following the war was nearly disastrous. Not only had two of Henry II's sons died, but also his brother Humphrey of Buckingham, and Humphrey of Gloucester's first-born son, Nathan of the Avon; and other members of the peerage. Parliament in England was furious and demanded certain guarantees. Edward would spend many years trying to appeal to both sides of the Crossing.

Edward I and IV the Mighty
Reign 3 May 1449 – 21 August 1483
Coronation 12 May 1449
Predecessor Henry III and VI
Successor Arthur I
Reign 23 November 1443 – 21 August 1483
Coronation 1 June 1445
Predecessor Title abeyant
Successor Edmund of Cyprus
Personal details
Born 8 February 1426
Marseilles, Kingdom of France
Died 21 August 1483 (aged 57)
Palace of Westminster, London, Kingdom of England
Burial Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, Kingdom of France
Spouse Isabella of Bruges (m. 1442)
Issue
Edward, Dauphin of France
Catherine of Scotland
Edmund, Prince of Antioch
Joan of Luxembourg
Alice, Queen of Burgundy Henry, Duke of Valois
Noble family House of Lancaster
Father Henry IV
Mother Mary of Bohun
Religion Roman Catholicism
Edward I of France and IV of England
House of Lancaster
Cadet branch of the House of Anjou
Born: 8 February 1426 Died: 21 August 1483
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Henry III and VI
King of France and England
Lord of Ireland
1449–1483
Succeeded by
Arthur I
New creation Prince of Antioch
1443–1483
Succeeded by
Edmund of Cyprus
Political offices
Preceded by
John of Lancastre
Lord High Admiral
1441–1444
Succeeded by
William de la Pole
Peerage of France
Vacant
Title last held by
Henry
Duke of Aquitaine
1st creation
1437–1449
Succeeded by
Edward of Toulouse
New creation Duke of Gascony
1st creation
1437–1449